MastoiditisMastoiditis is a serious bacterial infection that affects the mastoid bone behind the ear. It's more common in children. Cholesteatoma can also cause mastoiditis. This is an abnormal collection of skin cells inside the ear which may prevent the ear draining properly, leading to infection. Your GP will examine the mastoid infection child of the ear with an otoscope a device with a light anavar results photos magnifying glass.
Mastoiditis | Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Mastoiditis is an inflammation or infection of the mastoid bone, which is a portion of the temporal bone. The mastoid consists of air cells that drain the middle ear.
Mastoiditis can be a mild infection or can develop into life-threatening complications. Mastoiditis is usually a complication of acute otitis media middle ear infection.
Mastoiditis is usually a result of an extension of the inflammation of the middle ear infection into the mastoid air cells. A child with mastoiditis usually has a history of having a recent ear infection or has middle ear infections that continue to reoccur. The risk of mastoiditis is reduced with the use of antibiotics for ear infections. Mastoiditis may be caused by various bacteria. The following are the most common symptoms for mastoiditis. However, each child may experience symptoms differently.
The symptoms of mastoiditis may resemble other medical conditions or problems. A pneumatic otoscope blows a puff of air into the ear to test eardrum movement. The otoscope is used to diagnose otitis media. It does not tell if the child is hearing or not, but helps to detect any changes in pressure in the middle ear.
This is a difficult test to perform in younger children because the child needs to sit very still and not be crying, talking, or moving. X-rays of the head. A diagnostic test which uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues and bones of the head onto film.
A CT scan shows detailed images of any part of the body, including the bones, muscles, fat, and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI. A diagnostic procedure that uses a combination of large magnets, radiofrequencies, and a computer to produce detailed images of organs and structures within the body.
A special needle is placed into the lower back, into the spinal canal. This is the area around the spinal cord. The pressure in the spinal canal and brain can then be measured. A small amount of cerebral spinal fluid CSF can be removed and sent for testing to determine if there is an infection or other problems.
CSF is the fluid that bathes your child's brain and spinal cord. Your child, in most cases, will receive antibiotics through an intravenous IV catheter. Surgery is sometimes needed to help drain the fluid from the middle ear. A small tube may be placed in the opening of the eardrum to ventilate the middle ear and to prevent fluid from accumulating. The child's hearing is restored after the fluid is drained.
If the infection continues to spread, despite antibiotic therapy, the following complications may occur:. Early and proper treatment of mastoiditis is necessary to prevent the development of these life-threatening complications. Pain behind the ear Swelling of the ear lobe Recent ear infection Fever Irritability Redness or swelling of the bone behind the ear Drainage from an ear infection Headache Hearing loss The symptoms of mastoiditis may resemble other medical conditions or problems.
Blood work X-rays of the head. If the infection continues to spread, despite antibiotic therapy, the following complications may occur: An infection of the outside of the brain. A pocket of pus and infection that may develop in the brain. Hearing loss Early and proper treatment of mastoiditis is necessary to prevent the development of these life-threatening complications.
Next Steps Contact Us. Division of Otolaryngology Ear, Nose and Throat.