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SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online
A review discussing the present misconceptions about opioid use and how opioid therapy will change for the future. Available online early in the Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Opioid analgesics are still the cornerstone for effective pain management. This lecture identifies novel aspects of opioid pharmacology and their potential application to veterinary medicine.
Individual variability after opioid administration has been associated to pharmacogenetics variances, and differences in pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic effects. Some pharmacogenetic modulators of opioid This chapter presents a concise description of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the most relevant canine and feline skin and musculoskeletal diseases. The skin and musculoskeletal diseases include burns, chronic pain syndrome, laryngeal paralysis LP , malignant hyperthermia, myasthenia gravis MG , myopathies, noninfectious inflammatory joint diseases, osteoarthritis, systemic Sedation can often be challenging in cats due to their natural temperament and behavior as well as concomitant conditions and diseases.
This chapter takes a practical approach and discusses the most important features of sedation in cats including the basic pharmacology, clinical application, and potential adverse effects of sedative drugs. Anesthetic Management of Special Conditions. This chapter discusses anesthetic management of cats with significant coexisting diseases and conditions.
Examples include anesthesia for treatment of urinary tract obstruction and uroabdomen, surgical repair of diaphragmatic rupture, gastrointestinal emergencies, and neuroanesthesia.
Anesthetic management of cats with chronic kidney disease, hyperthyroidism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, Analgesic tools in small animal anesthesia. Several analgesic drugs and techniques may be used in small animal anesthesia in order to reduce intra-and post-operative pain while minimizing side-effects and analgesic requirements.
These "tools" can be used solely or as part of a balanced anesthesia and multimodal analgesia protocol. The latter involves the use of two or more classes of analgesics that act by different modes of action